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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2014 May-Jun;46(3):181-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2014.02.008.

Adolescent consumption of sports and energy drinks: linkages to higher physical activity, unhealthy beverage patterns, cigarette smoking, and screen media use.

Author information

  • 1Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. Electronic address: larsonn@umn.edu.
  • 2Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.
  • 3Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; Global Health and Community and Family Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine patterns of adolescent sports and energy drink (SED) consumption and identify behavioral correlates.

DESIGN:

Data were drawn from Eating and Activity in Teens, a population-based study.

SETTING:

Adolescents from 20 middle and high schools in Minneapolis/St Paul, MN completed classroom-administered surveys.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 2,793 adolescents (53.2% girls) in grades 6-12.

VARIABLES MEASURED:

Beverage patterns; breakfast frequency; moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA); media use; sleep; and cigarette smoking.

ANALYSIS:

Linear and logistic regression models were used to estimate associations between health behaviors and SED consumption, adjusting for demographics.

RESULTS:

Over a third of adolescents consumed sports drinks and 14.7% consumed energy drinks at least once a week. Among boys and girls, both sports and energy drink consumption were related to higher video game use; sugar-sweetened beverage and fruit juice intake; and smoking (P < .05). Sports drink consumption was also significantly related to higher MVPA and organized sport participation for both genders (P < .01).

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Although sports drink consumption was associated with higher MVPA, adolescents should be reminded of recommendations to consume these beverages only after vigorous, prolonged activity. There is also a need for future interventions designed to reduce SED consumption, to address the clustering of unhealthy behaviors.

Copyright © 2014 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

adolescents; dietary intake; energy drinks; physical activity; sleep patterns; sports drinks

PMID:
24809865
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC4023868
Free PMC Article
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