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Womens Health (Lond). 2014 Sep;10(5):505-9. doi: 10.2217/whe.14.31. Epub 2014 May 8.

Follicle-stimulating hormone/luteinizing hormone ratio as an independent predictor of response to controlled ovarian stimulation.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, New York Presbyterian Hospital, 525 East 68th Street New York, NY 10021, USA. jason.kofinas@nyumc.org.

Abstract

AIM:

To determine whether a follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)/luteinizing hormone (LH) ratio over 3 in the setting of a normal FSH (<12 IU/l) is associated with a higher rate of failed controlled ovarian stimulation cycles.

DESIGN:

Retrospective cohort.

MATERIALS & METHODS:

A total of 676 patients were identified; 198 patients had a FSH/LH ratio >3 and 477 patients had a FSH/LH ratio <3. Exclusion criteria included: age >40 years; estradiol (E2) prime protocols; E2 at start >70 pg/ml; and FSH at start >12 IU/l. The main outcome measure was cycle cancellation.

RESULTS:

An elevated FSH/LH ratio >3 was more likely to result in the individual's cycle cancelled (15 vs 5.24%; p = 0.0001). The total gonadotropin dosage was greater in the higher ratio versus lower ratio group (2636 vs 2242 IU; significant). Peak E2 was significantly lower in the FSH/LH >3 group (peak E2: 1635 vs 1942 pg/ml).

CONCLUSION:

The value of the FSH/LH ratio in patients with normal FSH levels, may have a role in determining the appropriate stimulation protocol and predict cycle cancellations.

KEYWORDS:

FSH; assisted reproduction; follicle-stimulating hormone; in vitro fertilization; ovarian reserve

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