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Neuro Oncol. 2014 Aug;16(8):1137-45. doi: 10.1093/neuonc/nou056. Epub 2014 May 5.

Comparison of survival between the UK and US after surgery for most common pediatric CNS tumors.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, General Infirmary at Leeds, Leeds, UK (R.K.M.); Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, UK (R.O.); Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health and Therapeutics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK (R.P.); Childhood Cancer Research Group, Headington, Oxford, UK (C.S.); National Institute for Health Research Evaluation, Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK (T.K.); Department of Paediatric Oncology, General Infirmary at Leeds, Leeds, UK (S.P.); Department of Neurosurgery, General Infirmary at Leeds, Leeds, UK (P.D.C.).

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We report a population-based study examining long-term outcomes for common pediatric CNS tumors comparing results from the UK with the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data set and with the literature. No such international study has previously been reported.

METHODS:

Data between 1996 and 2005 from the UK National Registry of Childhood Tumours (NRCT) and the SEER registry were analyzed. We calculated actuarial survival at each time point from histological diagnosis, with death from any cause as the endpoint. Kaplan-Meier estimation and log-rank testing (Cox proportional hazards regression analysis) were used to calculate survival differences among tumor subtypes, adjusting for age at diagnosis.

RESULTS:

Population-based outcomes for each tumor type are presented. Overall age-adjusted survival, stratifying for histology (combining pilocytic astrocytoma, anaplastic astrocytoma, glioblastoma, primitive neuroectodermal tumor, medulloblastoma, and ependymoma), is significantly lower for NRCT than SEER (hazard ratio 0.71, P < .001) and at 1, 5, and 10 years. Both NRCT and SEER outcomes are worse than those reported from trials.

CONCLUSION:

Analyzing data from comprehensive registries minimizes bias associated with trials and institutional studies. The reasons for the poorer outcomes in children treated in the UK are unclear. Likewise, the differences in outcomes between patients in trials and those not in trials need further investigation. We recommend that all children with CNS tumors be recruited into studies-even if these are observational studies. We also suggest that registries be suitably funded to publish independent outcome data (including morbidity) at both a national and an institutional level.

© The Author(s) 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Neuro-Oncology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

KEYWORDS:

neuro-oncology; pediatric; population; registry; survival

PMID:
24799454
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC4096177
[Available on 2015-08-01]
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