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Inorg Chem. 2014 May 19;53(10):5311-20. doi: 10.1021/ic500586g. Epub 2014 Apr 28.

A tetranitrosyl [4Fe-4S] cluster forms en route to Roussin's black anion: nitric oxide reactivity of [Fe4S4(LS3)L'](2-).

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, United States.


Previous studies provide evidence that [4Fe-4S] clusters serve as targets of reactive nitrogen oxide species in biology. The products of this reaction range from dinitrosyliron complexes, [Fe(NO)2L2](-), to Roussin's black anion, [Fe4S3(NO)7](-). To date, the pathways by which these reactions occur have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we prepared the site-differentiated complexes [Fe4S4(LS3)L'](2-) (LS3 = 1,3,5-tris(4,6-dimethyl-3-mercaptophenylthio)-2,4,6-tris(p-tolylthio)benzene; L' = Cl, SEt, SPh, N3, 2-SPyr, Tp, S2CNEt2) to serve as synthetic models for biological [4Fe-4S] clusters and studied their reactivity toward NO(g) and Ph3CSNO. The products were characterized by X-ray crystallography, mass spectrometry, and IR, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and (1)H NMR spectroscopy. In all cases reported here, the reactions proceed via formation of the S = (1)/2 species [Fe4S4(NO)4](-), which ultimately converts to EPR-silent [Fe4S3(NO)7](-).

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