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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2014 May 28;6(10):7260-7. doi: 10.1021/am500483j. Epub 2014 May 6.

New Ce3+-activated thiosilicate phosphor for LED lighting-synthesis, luminescence studies, and applications.

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  • 1Phosphors Research Laboratory, Department of Applied Chemistry and Institute of Molecular Science, National Chiao Tung University , Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan.


A new Ce(3+)-activated thiosilicate phosphor, BaLa2Si2S8:Ce(3+), was synthesized by using solid-state methods in a fused silica ampule and found to crystallize in the structure type of La2PbSi2S8. The crystal structure has been characterized by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and refined with Rietveld methods. This novel cyan-emitting phosphor can be excited over a broad range from UV to blue light (380-450 nm) and generates a broadband emission peaking at 471 nm with a quantum efficiency of 36%. Nonradiative transitions between Ce(3+) ions in BaLa2Si2S8:Ce(3+) have also been demonstrated to be attributable to dipole-dipole interactions, and the critical distance was calculated to be 17.41 Å. When BaLa2Si2S8:Ce(3+) phosphor was utilized to incorporate with yellow-emitting (Sr,Ca)2SiO4:Eu(2+) phosphor and red-emitting CaAlSiN3:Eu(2+) phosphor on a 430 nm blue LED chip, a warm white light LED device with color rendering index of ∼96 was obtained. The results indicate that cyan-emitting BaLa2Si2S8:Ce(3+) can serve as a potential phosphor for incorporation in fabrication of solid-state lighting. The preparation, spectroscopic characterization, quantum efficiency, decay lifetime, thermal-quenching behavior, and related LED device data are also presented.

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