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J Dermatol. 1989 Apr;16(2):98-102.

Distribution of an estrogen receptor-related protein (P29) in normal skin and in cultured human keratinocytes.


A monoclonal antibody, ERD5, which recognizes a 29Kd phosphoprotein associated with human estrogen receptor of myometrium was used to study the expression of this protein in normal skin and in cultured human keratinocytes. By indirect immunofluorescence, both in vivo and in vitro keratinocytes showed a variable cytoplasmic staining which increased with cell differentiation. SDS gel electrophoresis of soluble extracts of cultured keratinocytes and normal epidermis showed that P29 was a minor protein. Immunoblot analysis demonstrated that ERD5 strongly reacted only with a 29Kd polypeptide band without any cross-reactivity. These data suggest that keratinocytes might be estrogen sensitive like other cells in which P29 has already been located. The exact role of this protein in the keratinocyte differentiation process and its relationship with estrogen receptors remain to be elucidated.

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