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Int J Med Robot. 2014 Mar;10(1):113-20. doi: 10.1002/rcs.1547.

Validation of patient specific surgical guides in total hip arthroplasty.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The validation of patient-specific surgical guides (PSGs) by their design and the comparison of planned and actual PSG setting in total hip arthroplasty (THA) have not previously been reported.

METHODS:

The errors between preoperative planning and computed tomography (CT)-based PSG setting (E1), and between preoperative planning and implantation (E2) were evaluated using CT in 16 fresh cadaveric hips.

RESULTS:

E2 was significantly smaller with the wide-base-contact resurfacing-THA PSG than with the narrow-base-contact type (P<0.05). E1/E2 of the wide-base-contact neck-cut PSG was 1.6±0.7°/2.4±1.1° for the coronal plane and 1.2±0.8 mm/0.7±0.5mm for the medial neck-cut height. E1/E2 of the wide-base-contact cup-impaction PSG was 1.0±0.9°/3.4±1.9° for inclination and 1.7±1.1°/6.6±4.4° for anteversion.

CONCLUSIONS:

The wide-base-contact PSG in resurfacing-THA and the PSG for neck-cut in THA could be applied clinically. Although cup-impaction PSG setting was acceptable, errors were made due to the impaction process during cup implantation.

PMID:
24749171
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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