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Depress Res Treat. 2014;2014:394283. doi: 10.1155/2014/394283. Epub 2014 Mar 13.

An Overview of Depression among Transgender Women.

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  • 1Department of Public Health, California State University Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USA.


Rates of depression are higher in transgender women than in the general population, warranting an understanding of the variables related to depression in this group. Results of the literature review of depression in transgender women reveal several variables influencing depression, including social support, violence, sex work, and gender identity. The theoretical constructs of minority stress, coping, and identity control theory are explored in terms of how they may predict depression in transgender women. Depression and depressive symptoms have been used to predict high-risk sexual behaviors with mixed results. The implications of the findings on treating depression in transgender women include taking into account the stress of transition and the importance of supportive peers and family. Future studies should explore a model of depression and high-risk behaviors in transgender women.

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