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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2014 Jun;39(11):1321-30. doi: 10.1111/apt.12759. Epub 2014 Apr 16.

The incidence of Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma in the United Kingdom and The Netherlands is levelling off.

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  • 1Department of Medical Informatics, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.



Barrett's oesophagus (BO) is a risk factor for oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). Several studies report increasing incidences of BO with substantial variation.


To determine age- and sex-stratified incidence rates (IR) of BO and OAC.


Cohort study using two primary care databases in the United Kingdom (UK) and the Netherlands (NL) (2000-2012). BO and OAC cases were identified using disease-specific READ codes (UK) and free-text search with manual validation (NL). Age- and sex-specific incidence rates (IRs) were calculated for both BO and OAC.


From the study population of 6,885,420 subjects in the UK, we identified 12,312 incident BO and 40 (0.3%) subsequent incident OAC cases. There were 1383 incident BO, and subsequent 5 (0.4%) incident OAC cases among the 1,487,191 subjects in the NL. The IR of BO increased linearly with age: 15.6/100,000 PYs (UK) and 23.7/100,000 PYs (NL) for patients aged 40-44 years, increasing to 85.6/100,000 PYs (UK) and 87.0/100,000 PYs (NL) for 70-74 years. In both the UK and the NL, IR of BO was 2-4 times higher in males than females across all age groups. With respect to calendar time, the IR of BO increased by 35% (UK) and 41% (NL) from 2000 to 2003, after which IRs remained stable until 2012.


The incidence rates of BO in the UK and the NL increased until 2003, but levelled off thereafter. Around 0.3% of patients with BO developed OAC at least 1 year after BO diagnosis. These findings may help tailor endoscopic surveillance strategies among patients with BO.

© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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