Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Urol Int. 2014;92(4):407-13. doi: 10.1159/000356099. Epub 2014 Apr 9.

Transumbilical multiport laparoscopic nephrectomy with specimen extraction through the vagina.

Author information

  • 1Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Gannan Medical University, Ganzhou, PR China.



To report our initial experience with transumbilical multiport laparoscopic nephrectomy (TMLN) with transvaginal specimen extraction.


Between January and July 2010, 5 married and parous female patients were submitted to TMLN with transvaginal specimen extraction in our center. All data referring to patient demographics, surgery, pathology and perioperative outcomes were recorded. Sexual function was assessed with the Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire before and after surgery. The cosmetic result was investigated by administering the Patient Scar Assessment Questionnaire and Scoring System (PSAQ).


All procedures were completed successfully. The mean operative time was 136 min (range 110-160 min, standard deviation [SD] 20.7). The mean estimated blood loss was 66 ml (range 40-100 ml, SD 24.1). The mean postoperative hospitalization stay was 4.8 days (range 4-6 days, SD 0.8). All patients reported unaltered sexual function after surgery. The better cosmetic results were confirmed by the PSAQ score.


TMLN with transvaginal specimen extraction is feasible and safe for married and parous female patients. This technique is a natural evolution towards natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES). By acting as an intermediate-type procedure, it provides a bridge through which NOTES may ultimately gain clinical acceptance.

© 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

[PubMed - in process]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk