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J Org Chem. 2014 May 2;79(9):3866-75. doi: 10.1021/jo500308y. Epub 2014 Apr 22.

Construction of divergent fused heterocycles via an acid-promoted intramolecular ipso-Friedel-Crafts alkylation of phenol derivatives.

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  • 1Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University , 1-8-1, Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8675, Japan.


Two different cascade cyclization processes were developed using aryl group-substituted propargyl alcohol derivatives with a p-hydroxybenzylamine unit as common substrates. Using TFA as an acid promoter, an intramolecular ipso-Friedel-Crafts alkylation of phenol derivatives, formation of an iminium cation via a rearomatization-promoted C-C bond cleavage, an aza-Prins reaction, and a 6-membered ring formation proceeded sequentially, producing a variety of fused-tricyclic dihydroquinoline derivatives in 45-99% yield. In addition, a one-pot sequential silver acetate-catalyzed hydroamination/etherification-acid-promoted skeletal rearrangement was examined using the same series of substrates, affording fused-tricyclic indole/benzofuran derivatives in 66-89% yield.

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