Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2015 Sep;272(9):2121-7. doi: 10.1007/s00405-014-3014-6. Epub 2014 Apr 12.

A comparison of hearing results following stapedotomy under local versus general anesthesia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistraße 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany,


Advances in operative technique, instrumentation, and prosthesis design in otosclerosis surgery continue since Shea performed the first successful surgery. This is the first analysis to specifically compare post-operative hearing outcomes following stapedotomy surgery performed under local versus general anesthesia. Hearing outcomes were further stratified by comparing conventional perforator and Er:YAG laser ablation perforation techniques. Pre- and post-operative audiograms were retrospectively analyzed together with the method of anesthesia and the perforation technique for all patients with otosclerosis who underwent stapedotomy between 1998 and 2007. Pre-operative individual standard audiometry frequency thresholds (IFTs), air (AC) and bone conduction pure tone averages (PTA), and air bone gaps (ABG) were compared against post-operative results. Differences between pre- and post-operative PTAs and ABGs were compared between patients who received stapedotomy under local versus general anesthesia, as well as for patients who underwent conventional versus Er:YAG laser ablation perforations. Eighty-six patients were identified of which 24 % (n = 21) received local and 76 % (n = 65) received general anesthesia. Post-operative audiograms were available for 84 and 48 patients, respectively. Significant improvements were seen across all groups for standard 4-frequency AC-PTA and ABG and for IFTs up to 3 kHz. No significant difference was seen for IFTs between 4 and 6 kHz. A significant decline in post-operative hearing thresholds was seen at 8 kHz. Significant improvements in PTA and ABG were seen for all groups. There was a trend toward general compared to local anesthesia post-operative hearing results furthermore in combination with conventional perforation technique then with laser technique.

[PubMed - in process]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk