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J Am Chem Soc. 2014 May 7;136(18):6754-62. doi: 10.1021/ja502744a. Epub 2014 Apr 29.

Stellatolides, a new cyclodepsipeptide family from the sponge Ecionemia acervus: isolation, solid-phase total synthesis, and full structural assignment of stellatolide A.

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  • 1Research and Development, PharmaMar, S. A. , Avenida de los Reyes 1, 28770 Colmenar Viejo, Madrid, Spain.


The marine environment is a rich source of metabolites with potential therapeutic properties and applications for humans. Here we describe the first isolation, solid-phase total synthesis, and full structural assignment of a new class of cyclodepsipeptides from the Madagascan sponge Ecionemia acervus that shows in vitro cytotoxic activities at submicromolar concentrations. Seven structures belonging to a new family of compounds, given the general name stellatolides, were characterized. The sequence and stereochemistry of all the amino acids in these molecules were established by a combination of spectroscopic analysis, chemical degradation, and derivatization studies. Furthermore, the complete structure of stellatolide A was confirmed by an efficient solid-phase method for the first total synthesis and the full structural assignment of this molecule, including the asymmetric synthesis of the unique β-hydroxy acid moiety (Z)-3-hydroxy-6,8-dimethylnon-4-enoic acid.

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