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Sci Rep. 2014 Apr 10;4:4630. doi: 10.1038/srep04630.

Excitation energy dependent Raman signatures of ABA- and ABC-stacked few-layer graphene.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742, Korea.
  • 21] Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742, Korea [2].

Abstract

The dependence of the Raman spectrum on the excitation energy has been investigated for ABA-and ABC- stacked few-layer graphene in order to establish the fingerprint of the stacking order and the number of layers, which affect the transport and optical properties of few-layer graphene. Five different excitation sources with energies of 1.96, 2.33, 2.41, 2.54 and 2.81 eV were used. The position and the line shape of the Raman 2D, G*, N, M, and other combination modes show dependence on the excitation energy as well as the stacking order and the thickness. One can unambiguously determine the stacking order and the thickness by comparing the 2D band spectra measured with 2 different excitation energies or by carefully comparing weaker combination Raman modes such as N, M, or LOLA modes. The criteria for unambiguous determination of the stacking order and the number of layers up to 5 layers are established.

PMID:
24717517
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3982164
Free PMC Article
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