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Nanoscale Res Lett. 2014 Apr 5;9(1):167. doi: 10.1186/1556-276X-9-167.

Ultrasound exfoliation of inorganic analogues of graphene.

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  • 1Materials Chemistry Department, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry AS CR, v,v,i,, ŘeŽ 250 68, Czech Republic. stengl@iic.cas.cz.


High-intensity ultrasound exfoliation of a bulk-layered material is an attractive route for large-scale preparation of monolayers. The monolayer slices could potentially be prepared with a high yield (up to 100%) in a few minutes. Exfoliation of natural minerals (such as tungstenite and molybdenite) or bulk synthetic materials (including hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), hexagonal boron carbon nitride (h-BCN), and graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4)) in liquids leads to the breakdown of the 3D graphitic structure into a 2D structure; the efficiency of this process is highly dependent upon the physical effects of the ultrasound. Atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) were employed to verify the quality of the exfoliation. Herein, this new method of exfoliation with ultrasound assistance for application to mono- and bilayered materials in hydrophobic and hydrophilic environments is presented.

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