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Exp Dermatol. 2014 Jul;23(7):514-6. doi: 10.1111/exd.12410.

Mutation-dependent effects on mRNA and protein expressions in cultured keratinocytes of Hailey-Hailey disease.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, and Kurume University Institute of Cutaneous Cell Biology, Kurume, Japan.

Abstract

Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD) is a dominantly inherited skin disease caused by mutations in ATP2C1 gene, which encodes secretory pathway Ca(2+) /Mn(2+) -ATPase protein 1. The precise mechanism remains unclear. In this study, to understand molecular basis of HHD, we examined expression of mRNA and protein in cultured keratinocytes derived from three HHD patients with different mutations. We showed that reduced expression of mRNA and protein in patient with p.Gln504X, but not in patients with p.Pro307His and c.1308+1G>A. RT-PCR analysis for patient with c.1308+1G>A revealed in-frame exon skipping. Reduction of mRNA and protein in p.Gln504X was considered to be caused by nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. p.Pro307His located adjacent to Ca(2+) -binding residue may induced conformational change, which leads to defective Ca(2+) transport. In-frame shorter transcript caused by c.1308+1G>A may have slightly reduced activity, which accounted for mild phenotype of the patient. These results clarified the pathogenic effects of different causative mutations in development of skin lesions.

© 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

KEYWORDS:

Ca2+; Hailey-Hailey disease; P-type ATPase; keratinocyte; mutation

PMID:
24698124
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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