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Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2014 Feb 15;7(3):1206-11. eCollection 2014.

Collision tumor of the esophagus: report of a case with mixed squamous cell carcinoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumor.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiology, The Fifth People's Hospital of Shanghai, Fudan University Shanghai.
  • 2Department of Oncology, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Shanghai.
  • 3Department of Interventional Radiology, The First People's Hospital of Huaian, Nanjing Medical University Nanjing.
  • 4Department of Pathology, The Fifth People's Hospital of Shanghai, Fudan University Shanghai.

Abstract

Esophageal cancer is mainly divided into squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Epidemiologically, the former contributes to 90% of worldwide esophageal cancer cases, while adenocarcinoma contributes to two-thirds of cases in developed countries. Although other rare types and collision with multiple histological types of tumors do occur in the esophagus, it is very rare for a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) to collide with an epithelial malignant tumor. To date, only three cases have been reported in the literature. The current study reported a 69-year-old male patient with squamous cell carcinoma and GIST in the middle esophagus. There was no merging of tissue components between these tumors. This study together with a literature review indicates that esophageal collision tumors have been increasingly reported in recent years. Histology and immunohistochemistry are needed to make a differential diagnosis. The exact oncogenic mechanism or the interaction of two independent neoplasms still remains to be determined, and further investigation, such as electron microscopy and genetic analysis, may help to elucidate the pathogenesis of the colliding tumors.

KEYWORDS:

Collision tumor; GIST; esophagus; squamous cell carcinoma

PMID:
24695797
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3971329
Free PMC Article
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