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Ann Thorac Surg. 2014 Apr;97(4):e121-4. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.01.060.

Lung ultrasonography and pediatric cardiac surgery: first experience with a new tool for postoperative lung complications.

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  • 1Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Bambino Gesu' Hospital, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:
  • 2Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Bambino Gesu' Hospital, Rome, Italy.


Lung ultrasonography is a diagnostic tool increasingly used in critical care. Few data are available for the pediatric population. We describe our experience with lung ultrasonography for 5 pediatric patients with common post-cardiac surgery lung complications (pleural effusion, pneumothorax, atelectasis, pneumonia). Ultrasonography was useful also for lung recruitment. Such data were confirmed by chest radiographs or by computed tomography, or both. Lung ultrasonography can be considered as a useful, real-time, bedside tool to detect specific lung diseases, reliably implementing radiographic images and potentially decreasing the total number of radiographs in critically ill children with congenital heart diseases.

Copyright © 2014 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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