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Biomed Chromatogr. 2014 Sep;28(9):1284-93. doi: 10.1002/bmc.3162. Epub 2014 Apr 2.

Two-dimensional LC-MS/MS to enhance ceramide and phosphatidylcholine species profiling in mouse liver.

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  • 1Graduate Institute of Toxicology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 1, Jen-ai Rd, Taipei, 100, Taiwan; Institute of Environmental Health, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, No. 17, Xu-zhou Rd, Taipei, 100, Taiwan.


A two-dimensional (2D) hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) and reverse-phase (RP) liquid chromatography (LC) system coupled with triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry (MS) was developed to comprehensively profile ceramides and phosphatidylcholine in extracted biological samples. Briefly, the 2D HILIC-RPLC system used a silica HILIC column operated in the first dimension to distinguish the lipid classes and a BEH C18 column operated in the second dimension to separate the lipid species of the same class. The regression linearity of each lipid was satisfactory in both systems; however, the absolute matrix effect factor was reduced in 2D LC-MS/MS system. Limits of detection of 2D LC-MS/MS system were 2- to 3-fold lower compared with one-dimensional RPLC-MS/MS. The recovery from the sample ranged from 84.5 to 110%. To summarize, the developed method was proven to be accurate and producible, as relative standard deviations remained <20% at three spiked levels. The efficiency of this newly developed system was applied to measure changes of lipids in the liver of mice after naphthalene treatment. Orthogonal projection to latent structures-discriminant analysis discriminated the lipids from control and the treatment group. We concluded that 2D LC-MS/MS is a promising method to assist lipidomic studies of complex biological samples. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


2D LC-MS/MS; ceramide; lipidomics; mouse liver; phosphatidylcholine

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