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J Med Internet Res. 2014 Mar 31;16(3):e92. doi: 10.2196/jmir.3104.

Internet-based motivation program for women with eating disorders: eating disorder pathology and depressive mood predict dropout.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Osnabrück University, Osnabrück, Germany. ruth.vonbrachel@rub.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

One of the main problems of Internet-delivered interventions for a range of disorders is the high dropout rate, yet little is known about the factors associated with this. We recently developed and tested a Web-based 6-session program to enhance motivation to change for women with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or related subthreshold eating pathology.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the present study was to identify predictors of dropout from this Web program.

METHODS:

A total of 179 women took part in the study. We used survival analyses (Cox regression) to investigate the predictive effect of eating disorder pathology (assessed by the Eating Disorders Examination-Questionnaire; EDE-Q), depressive mood (Hopkins Symptom Checklist), motivation to change (University of Rhode Island Change Assessment Scale; URICA), and participants' age at dropout. To identify predictors, we used the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method.

RESULTS:

The dropout rate was 50.8% (91/179) and was equally distributed across the 6 treatment sessions. The LASSO analysis revealed that higher scores on the Shape Concerns subscale of the EDE-Q, a higher frequency of binge eating episodes and vomiting, as well as higher depression scores significantly increased the probability of dropout. However, we did not find any effect of the URICA or age on dropout.

CONCLUSIONS:

Women with more severe eating disorder pathology and depressive mood had a higher likelihood of dropping out from a Web-based motivational enhancement program. Interventions such as ours need to address the specific needs of women with more severe eating disorder pathology and depressive mood and offer them additional support to prevent them from prematurely discontinuing treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Web-based treatment; anorexia nervosa; attrition; bootstrapping; bulimia nervosa; eHealth, eating disorders; motivation to change; survival analysis

PMID:
24686856
[PubMed - in process]
PMCID:
PMC4004149
Free PMC Article
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