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PLoS One. 2014 Mar 28;9(3):e93471. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0093471. eCollection 2014.

Intake of fruit juice and incidence of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China.
  • 2Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China.
  • 3Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, United States of America.
  • 4Department of Endocrinology, Linyi People's Hospital, Linyi, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Several prospective studies have been conducted to examine the relationship between fruit juice intake and risk of incident type 2 diabetes, but results have been mixed. In the present study, we aimed to estimate the association between fruit juice intake and risk of type 2 diabetes.

METHODS:

PubMed and Embase databases were searched up to December 2013. All prospective cohort studies of fruit juice intake with risk of type 2 diabetes were included. The pooled relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for highest vs. lowest category of fruit juice intake were estimated using a random-effects model.

RESULTS:

A total of four studies (191,686 participants, including 12,375 with type 2 diabetes) investigated the association between sugar-sweetened fruit juice and risk of incident type 2 diabetes, and four studies (137,663 participants and 4,906 cases) investigated the association between 100% fruit juice and risk of incident type 2 diabetes. A higher intake of sugar-sweetened fruit juice was significantly associated with risk of type 2 diabetes (RR = 1.28, 95%CI = 1.04-1.59, p = 0.02), while intake of 100% fruit juice was not associated with risk of developing type 2 diabetes (RR = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.91-1.18, p = 0.62).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings support dietary recommendations to limit sugar-sweetened beverages, such as fruit juice with added sugar, to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.

PMID:
24682091
[PubMed - in process]
PMCID:
PMC3969361
Free PMC Article

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