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Arthroscopy. 2014 Jun;30(6):766-73. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2014.02.023. Epub 2014 Mar 27.

Arthroscopic repair of lateral ankle ligament complex by suture anchor.

Author information

  • 1Department of Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Surgery, Sports Medicine Center of Fudan University, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, China.
  • 2Department of Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Surgery, Sports Medicine Center of Fudan University, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, China. Electronic address: hua023@hotmail.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Arthroscopic repair of the lateral ligament complex with suture anchors is increasingly used to treat chronic ankle instability (CAI). Our aims are (1) to analyze and evaluate the literature on arthroscopic suture anchor repair of the anterior talofibular ligament and (2) to conduct a systematic review of the clinical evidence on the reported outcomes and complications of treating CAI with this technique.

METHODS:

We performed a systematic review of the literature using PubMed, Ovid, Elsevier ScienceDirect, Web of Science-Conference Proceedings Citation Index, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 1987 to September 2013. Clinical studies using the arthroscopic suture anchor technique to treat CAI were included. Outcome measures consisted of clinical assessment of postoperative ligament stability and complications. In addition, the methodologic quality of the included studies was assessed by use of the modified Coleman Methodology Score.

RESULTS:

After reviewing 371 studies, we identified 6 studies (5 retrospective case series and 1 prospective case series, all Level IV) that met the inclusion criteria, with a mean Coleman Methodology Score of 71.8 ± 7.52 (range, 63 to 82). In these studies 178 patients (179 ankles) underwent arthroscopic suture anchor repair of the anterior talofibular ligament with a mean follow-up period of 38.9 months (range, 6 to 117.6 months). All patients were reported to have subjective improvement of their ankle instability, with complications in 31 cases.

CONCLUSIONS:

Studies of arthroscopic suture anchor technique to treat CAI are sparse, with moderate mean methodologic quality. The included studies suggest that the arthroscopic technique is a feasible procedure to restore ankle stability; however, on the basis of our review, this technique seems to be associated with a relatively high complication rate. Extensive cadaveric studies, clinical trials, and comparative studies comparing arthroscopic and open repair should be performed in the future.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Level IV, systematic review of Level IV studies.

Copyright © 2014 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
24680321
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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