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Cancer Immunol Immunother. 1989;28(4):296-300.

Reactivity of a human monoclonal antibody against carcinomas and other lesions of the colon.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90033.

Abstract

To identify tumor-associated antigens that may be immunogenic to man, human monoclonal antibodies (human mAb) were generated by fusing nonsecreting mouse myeloma cells with lymphocytes from regional mesenteric nodes of patients with adenocarcinomas of the colon. One IgG1 human mAb, designated as 14-31-10, was identified by its reactivity against human tumor xenografts. We have studied the reactivity of mAb 14-31-10 with formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens of human colon. A total of 86 cases were studied, including normal adult and fetal colons, adenocarcinomas of the colon, and a variety of colonic inflammatory diseases and preneoplastic lesions. Intense reactivity was found in 15 of 18 adenocarcinomas of the colon, but not in 10 specimens of normal adult or 4 specimens of fetal colonic mucosa. Interestingly, in four cases of carcinoma, reactivity was also observed in histologically normal mucosa situated 10 cm or more from the primary lesion. On the other hand, no staining was detected in any of the 16 inflammatory lesions. Of the 38 preneoplastic lesions, only 6 showed staining by the mAb: 1 of 5 benign tubular adenomatous polyps, 3 of 9 villous adenomas and tubovillous polyps, 1 of 5 specimens of ulcerative colitis and 1 of 19 specimens of familial polyposis. However, the intensity of staining was only moderate in those cases. Our data, therefore, suggest that the epitope identified by the human mAb 14-31-10 shows preferential expression in preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions of the colon, and in ostensibly normal mucosa at some distance from a primary colonic carcinoma. In all instances, the staining was cytoplasmic, suggesting a cytoplasmic or internal membrane location of the target antigen. This antigen appeared to be distinct from carcinoembryonic antigen, since staining by 14-31-10 was consistently different from that of a mouse monoclonal antibody to carcinoembryonic antigen in serial sections of the same specimens. The restricted reactivity of 14-31-10 suggests its potential application in immunohistochemistry. Moreover, the epitope identified by mAb 14-31-10 may be expressed during the progression of normal mucosa to neoplasia.

PMID:
2467741
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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