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Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2014 Apr;28(2):102-7. doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2013.11.003. Epub 2013 Nov 11.

Factors associated with the emotional distress of women family members of adults with serious mental illness.

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  • 1Case Western Reserve University. Electronic address: jaz@case.edu.
  • 2Marquette University College of Nursing.


Women family members of adults with serious mental illness are at great risk for emotional distress. This study examined associations between characteristics of 60 women (age, race, and education), their relatives with mental illness (age, diagnosis, and years since diagnosis), and the family situation (relationship, living arrangements, and care provided) and symptoms of emotional distress. Depressive symptoms were greater among those with younger, non-sibling relatives. Anxiety was greater among Caucasians and those with a recently diagnosed family member, particularly bipolar disorder. Anger was associated with providing direct care. The findings are informative for tailoring interventions to minimize emotional distress in future family caregivers.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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