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Am J Hypertens. 2014 Sep;27(9):1199-208. doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpu041. Epub 2014 Mar 26.

The effect of a community-based self-help multimodal behavioral intervention in korean american seniors with high blood pressure.

Author information

  • 1Korean Resource Center, Ellicott City, Maryland;
  • 2School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland;
  • 3School of Nursing, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California;
  • 4Connell School of Nursing, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts;
  • 5School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut;
  • 6School of Nursing, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. mkim@nursing.utexas.edu.



Great strides have been made in improving heart health in the United States during the last 2 decades, yet these strides have not encompassed many ethnic minority populations. There are significant health disparity gaps stemming from both a paucity of valid research and a lack of culturally sensitive interventions. In particular, many Korean Americans with chronic illnesses encounter difficulty navigating the healthcare system because of limited health literacy.


The effect of a multimodal Self-Help Intervention Program on the Control of High Blood Pressure (HBP) was tested in a community-based clinical trial for Korean American seniors. Of 440 seniors enrolled, 369 completed the study (184 in the intervention group and 185 in the control group; mean age = 70.9±5.3 years). The intervention group received 6 weekly educational sessions on HBP management skill building, including health literacy training, followed by telephone counseling and home blood pressure (BP) monitoring for 12 months.


Findings support that the Self-Help Intervention Program on the Control of HBP was effective in controlling BP in this ethnic/linguistic minority population. The BP control rates for the intervention and control groups were 49.5% vs. 43.2% at baseline, 58.5% vs. 42.4% at 6 months, 67.9% vs. 52.5% at 12 months, and 54.3% vs. 53.0% at 18 months. Significant changes were observed over time in some psychobehavioral outcomes, including self-efficacy for BP control, medication adherence behavior, HBP knowledge, and depression.


The study findings suggest that the multimodal Self-Help Intervention Program on the Control of HBP is effective at promoting optimal HBP control for this ethnic/linguistic minority population.



© American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd 2014. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.


Korean Americans.; behavioral intervention; blood pressure; community-based participatory research; health disparity; health literacy; high blood pressure; hypertension

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