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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Jun;147(6):1768-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2014.02.055. Epub 2014 Feb 23.

Valve-sparing aortic root replacement and remodeling with complex aortic valve reconstruction in children and young adults with moderate or severe aortic regurgitation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cardiac Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass; Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Geneva University Hospitals and School of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • 2Department of Cardiac Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass.
  • 3Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass.
  • 4Department of Cardiac Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. Electronic address: christopher.baird@childrens.harvard.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The durability of valve-sparing aortic root procedures with aortic regurgitation due to leaflet disease is questioned. Here, we review our experience in combined aortic root and valve reconstruction in children and young adults.

METHODS:

All valve-sparing aortic root procedures from 2000 to 2012 were reviewed, and patients with aortic valve repair beyond resuspension were included. Root procedures were classified as replacement with reimplantation, root remodeling, or aortic annular and sinotubular junction stabilization. The primary end point was structural valve deterioration, a composite of aortic valve reoperation and/or moderate or greater regurgitation at follow-up.

RESULTS:

Thirty-four patients were included during the study period. The surgery consisted of reimplantation in 13 patients, remodeling in 16 patients, and annular and sinotubular junction stabilization in 5 patients. Valve repair consisted of leaflet procedures in 26 patients and subannular reduction in 15 patients. During a median follow-up of 4.2 months (range, 2 weeks-8 years), there were 5 reoperations for aortic valve replacement due to aortic regurgitation, and 2 patients presented with moderate or greater regurgitation. Freedom from structural valve deterioration was 70.1% ± 10.3% at 1 year and remained stable thereafter, although it was significantly worse in the reimplantation group (P = .039). A more severe degree of preoperative aortic regurgitation (P = .001) and smaller graft to aortic annulus ratio (P = .003) were predictors of structural valve deterioration.

CONCLUSIONS:

Valve-sparing root and valve reconstruction can be done with low operative risk and allows valve preservation in most patients. These data should question the assumption that reimplantation is superior when associated with complex valve reconstruction.

Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

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PMID:
24667028
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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