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Child Abuse Negl. 2014 Oct;38(10):1706-14. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2014.02.003. Epub 2014 Mar 22.

Child and adolescent abuse and neglect in the city of Curitiba, Brazil.

Author information

  • 1Faculdade Ingá - UNINGÀ, Araras, 36, Jardim das Flores, Arapongas, Paraná, CEP - 86701140, Brazil.
  • 2Pontifícia Universidade do Paraná, Imaculada Conceição 1155, Prado Velho - Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.
  • 3Instituto Federal do Paraná, João Negrão, 1285, Rebouças - Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.

Abstract

Identify and analyze cases of child and adolescent abuse and neglect in Curitiba, Brazil. This is an exploratory descriptive study that takes a quantitative approach. Secondary data from the reporting registry of the Network for the Protection of Children and Adolescents at Risk for Violence in Curitiba, Brazil, dating from 2004 to 2009, were analyzed. Variables included the victims' sociodemographic profile, place of notification, type, nature and severity of abuse, information about the author of the aggression or abuse, and physical lesions. The frequency distribution and associations between the variables were analyzed using the Chi-square test at a 5% significance level. The analysis of 19,316 records showed that domestic violence, abuse and neglect directed against children and adolescents were the most frequently recorded situation, with 17,082 cases (88.4%) distributed in the following manner: neglect, with 9742 reports (57.0%); physical violence, with 1341 reports (7.9%); sexual violence, with 796 reports (4.7%); psychological violence, with 574 reports (3.4%); and abandonment, with 190 reports (1.1%). Of the total, 43.9% were considered severe cases. The most affected age group was between 5 and 14 years of age, with balance between genders. In the majority of cases, the mother was registered as the author of the abuse or neglect. Physical sequelae (20.2%) mostly affected the head and upper and lower limbs, with consequent lesions manifesting as bruises, cuts, and fractures. An increase in the visibility of domestic violence and children and adolescents abuse and neglect has been observed in the city during the last few years, suggesting the effectiveness of the reporting strategies proposed by the protection network. It is important to increase social security and public welfare policies to prevent child and adolescent abuse and neglect, focusing on family support.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Child abuse; Domestic violence; Maltreatment; Neglect

PMID:
24661691
[PubMed - in process]
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