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J Natl Cancer Inst. 1989 Apr 5;81(7):502-12.

Selective interferon-induced enhancement of tumor-associated antigens on a spectrum of freshly isolated human adenocarcinoma cells.

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  • 1Laboratory of Tumor Immunology and Biology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892.


Freshly isolated cells from patients with pleural or peritoneal effusions cytologically diagnosed as adenocarcinoma (n = 43), malignant nonepithelial neoplasms (n = 10), and benign (n = 8) were analyzed for expression of constitutive levels of the tumor antigens TAG-72 [recognized by monoclonal antibody (MAb) B72.3] and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) (recognized by MAb COL-4) as well as the class I and class II major histocompatibility (MHC) antigens, and the ability of human interferons (Hu-IFNs) to enhance cell surface expression of those antigens as measured by MAb binding. Both type I and type II IFNs enhanced the expression of TAG-72 and CEA and altered the level of expression of the MHC antigens. Comparative studies of three different Hu-IFNs (IFN-alpha A, IFN-beta ser, and IFN-gamma) revealed that IFN-gamma was the most potent in augmenting either B72.3 or COL-4 binding. Unlike the IFN-gamma -mediated induction of the class II human leukocyte antigens, the change in tumor antigen expression consisted of enhanced constitutive antigen expression; de novo induction of either TAG-72 or CEA could not be achieved by either type I or type II IFN. Of 43 effusions isolated from different adenocarcinoma patients, 42 (97.7%) expressed either CEA or TAG-72, and treatment with Hu-IFN increased the level of expression of either antigen in 36 of 42 samples (85.7%). These studies demonstrate the augmentation of tumor-associated antigens on human carcinoma cells isolated from serous effusions by Hu-IFNs which may be used to enhance the targeting of conjugated MAbs to human carcinoma lesions.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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