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J Agric Food Chem. 2014 Apr 16;62(15):3343-7. doi: 10.1021/jf500392d. Epub 2014 Apr 2.

Dynamic characteristics of the novel strobilurin fungicide SYP-3343 in aerobic soils.

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  • 1Institute of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences and Key Laboratory of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences of Ministry of Agriculture, Zhejiang University , Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310029, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

SYP-3343, (E)-2-(2-((3-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazole-5-yloxy)methyl)phenyl)-3-methoxyacrylate, is a newly developed strobilurin fungicide. However, the environmental behavior and fate of SYP-3343 in soil have not been well-documented. In this study, ¹⁴C-labeled SYP-3343 was employed to investigate the dynamic characteristics in three typical soils under aerobic conditions. Radioactivity analysis after high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) showed that SYP-3343 degraded rapidly in the coastal soil with a half-life of 43.8 days. After incubation of 100 days, its extractable residues were greater than 76.0% and bound residues were less than 12.4%, indicating that SYP-3343 was not easy to accumulate in soils. The mineralization to ¹⁴CO₂ reached 5.4% for acidic soil, 2.8% for neutral soil, and 1.7% for alkaline soil, suggesting that it was difficult to cleave the pyrazole ring completely. In addition, dynamic characteristics of SYP-3343 in sterile and non-sterile loamy soil showed that soil microbes affected SYP-3343 residue in soil and could accelerate the process of degradation and mineralization.

PMID:
24661231
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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