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Anal Chem. 2014 Apr 15;86(8):4033-40. doi: 10.1021/ac500530n. Epub 2014 Apr 2.

Optimization and simulation of tandem column supercritical fluid chromatography separations using column back pressure as a unique parameter.

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  • 1Bioanalytical and Discovery Analytical Sciences, Research & Development, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company , Route 206 and Province Line Road, Princeton, New Jersey 08543, United States.

Abstract

Tandem column supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) has demonstrated to be a useful technique to resolve complex mixtures by serially coupling two columns of different selectivity. The overall selectivity of a tandem column separation is the retention time weighted average of selectivity from each coupled column. Currently, the method development merely relies on extensive screenings and is often a hit-or-miss process. No attention is paid to independently adjust retention and selectivity contributions from individual columns. In this study, we show how tandem column SFC selectivity can be optimized by changing relative dimensions (length or inner diameter) of the coupled columns. Moreover, we apply column back pressure as a unique parameter for SFC optimization. Continuous tuning of tandem column SFC selectivity is illustrated through column back pressure adjustments of the upstream column, for the first time. In addition, we show how and why changing coupling order of the columns can produce dramatically different separations. Using the empirical mathematical equation derived in our previous study, we also demonstrate a simulation of tandem column separations based on a single retention time measurement on each column. The simulation compares well with experimental results and correctly predicts column order and back pressure effects on the separations. Finally, considerations on instrument and column hardware requirements are discussed.

PMID:
24661124
[PubMed - in process]
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