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Asian J Psychiatr. 2014 Apr;8:56-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2013.10.016. Epub 2013 Nov 5.

A study of disability and its correlates in somatization disorder.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Electronic address: drrakeshchadda@gmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The present study was conducted to assess disability, and its demographic and clinical correlates in patients suffering from somatization disorder.

METHOD:

Sixty-six patients, diagnosed as somatization disorder according to ICD 10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research (ICD 10-DCR), were assessed for disability using the Indian Disability Evaluation and Assessment Scale (IDEAS). Patients were also assessed for associated anxiety, depression, neuroticism and subjective distress using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A), Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), PGI Health Questionnaire N2 (PGIN2), and Visual Analog Scale, respectively.

RESULTS:

Mean age of the sample was 34.5±5.8 years. Females constituted about 60% of the sample. Mean duration of illness was 9.14±4.13 years. More than 70% of the subjects suffered moderate to severe disability. Age, number of symptoms, duration of illness, and scores on HAM-A and HAM-D showed a positive correlation with disability.

CONCLUSION:

Somatization disorder is associated with significant disability which increases with the number of somatic symptoms, duration of illness, associated depressive and anxiety symptoms.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Depression; Disability; Neuroticism; Somatization disorder

PMID:
24655628
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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