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Am J Cardiol. 2014 May 1;113(9):1494-8. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2014.01.426. Epub 2014 Feb 11.

Effects of niacin combination therapy with statin or bile acid resin on lipoproteins and cardiovascular disease.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine-DIMED, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.
  • 2Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address: xueqiao@uw.edu.
  • 3Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
  • 4Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Abstract

Two large studies in populations selected for cardiovascular disease (CVD) demonstrated that raising high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol with niacin added to statin therapy did not decrease CVD. We examine the association of lipoprotein subfractions with niacin and changes in coronary stenosis and CVD event risk. One hundred and seven patients from 2 previous studies using niacin in combination with either statin or bile acid-binding resin were selected to evaluate changes in lipoproteins separated by density-gradient ultracentrifugation to progression of coronary artery disease as assessed by quantitative coronary angiography. Improvement in coronary stenosis was significantly associated with the decrease of cholesterol in the dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles and across most of the intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL) and very low density lipoprotein particle density range, but, not with any of the HDL fraction or of the more buoyant LDL fractions. Event-free survival was significantly associated with the decrease of cholesterol in the dense LDL and IDL; there was no association with changes in cholesterol in the HDL and buoyant LDL fractions. Niacin combination therapy raises HDL cholesterol and decreases dense LDL and IDL cholesterol levels. Changes in LDL and IDL are related to improvement in CVD. Lipoprotein subfraction analysis should be performed in larger studies utilizing niacin in combination with statins.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
24641964
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC4084697
Free PMC Article
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