Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
PLoS One. 2014 Mar 17;9(3):e91790. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091790. eCollection 2014.

Cross-sectional and longitudinal replication analyses of genome-wide association loci of type 2 diabetes in Han Chinese.

Author information

  • 1Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America.
  • 2Department of Endocrinology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China.
  • 3Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America; Department of Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America.
  • 4Sun Yat-Sen University Third Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.
  • 5Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

This study aimed to examine genomic loci of type 2 diabetes (T2D) initially identified by genome-wide association studies in populations of European ancestry for their associations with T2D and quantitative glycemic traits, as well as their effects on longitudinal change in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and T2D development, in the Chinese population. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) from 25 loci were genotyped in a large case-control sample of 10,001 subjects (5,338 T2D cases and 4,663 controls) and a prospective cohort of 1,881 Chinese. In the case-control sample, 8 SNPs in or near WFS1, CDKAL1, CDKN2A/2B, CDC123, HHEX, TCF7L2, KCNQ1, and MTNR1B were significantly associated with T2D (P<0.05). Thirteen SNPs were associated with quantitative glycemic traits. For example, the most significant SNP, rs10811661 near CDKN2A/2B (P = 1.11×10(-8) for T2D), was also associated with 2-h glucose level of an oral glucose tolerance test (P = 9.11×10(-3)) and insulinogenic index (P = 2.71×10(-2)). In the cohort study, individuals carrying more risk alleles of the replicated SNPs had greater FPG increase and T2D incidence in a 7.5-year follow-up period, with each quartile increase in the number of risk alleles being associated with a 0.06 mmol/l greater increase in FPG (P = 0.03) and 19% higher odds of developing T2D (P = 0.058). Our study identified the associations of several established T2D-loci in Europeans with T2D and quantitative glycemic traits in the Chinese population. The prospective data also suggest their potential role in the risk prediction of T2D in the Chinese population.

PMID:
24637646
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3956742
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Public Library of Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk