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Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2014 Jun;104:87-95. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2014.02.005. Epub 2014 Mar 15.

Cloning and characterization of acid invertase genes in the roots of the metallophyte Kummerowia stipulacea (Maxim.) Makino from two populations: Differential expression under copper stress.

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  • 1School of Resource and Environmental Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430079, People׳s Republic of China.
  • 2School of Resource and Environmental Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430079, People׳s Republic of China. Electronic address: ztxiong@whu.edu.cn.

Abstract

The roots of metallophytes serve as the key interface between plants and heavy metal-contaminated underground environments. It is known that the roots of metallicolous plants show a higher activity of acid invertase enzymes than those of non-metallicolous plants when under copper stress. To test whether the higher activity of acid invertases is the result of increased expression of acid invertase genes or variations in the amino acid sequences between the two population types, we isolated full cDNAs for acid invertases from two populations of Kummerowia stipulacea (from metalliferous and non-metalliferous soils), determined their nucleotide sequences, expressed them in Pichia pastoris, and conducted real-time PCR to determine differences in transcript levels during Cu stress. Heterologous expression of acid invertase cDNAs in P. pastoris indicated that variations in the amino acid sequences of acid invertases between the two populations played no significant role in determining enzyme characteristics. Seedlings of K. stipulacea were exposed to 0.3µM Cu(2+) (control) and 10µM Cu(2+) for 7 days under hydroponics׳ conditions. The transcript levels of acid invertases in metallicolous plants were significantly higher than in non-metallicolous plants when under copper stress. The results suggest that the expression of acid invertase genes in metallicolous plants of K. stipulacea differed from those in non-metallicolous plants under such conditions. In addition, the sugars may play an important role in regulating the transcript level of acid invertase genes and acid invertase genes may also be involved in root/shoot biomass allocation.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Acid invertase; Cloning; Copper; Gene expression; Kinetics parameters; Sucrose

PMID:
24636951
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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