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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2014 May;73(5):951-60. doi: 10.1007/s00280-014-2426-8. Epub 2014 Mar 17.

A Phase Ib study evaluating MNRP1685A, a fully human anti-NRP1 monoclonal antibody, in combination with bevacizumab and paclitaxel in patients with advanced solid tumors.

Author information

  • 1South Texas Accelerated Research Therapeutics, 4383 Medical Drive, San Antonio, TX, 78229, USA, amita.patnaik@start.stoh.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

MNRP1685A is a human monoclonal antibody that blocks binding of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF-B, and placental growth factor 2 to neuropilin-1 resulting in vessel immaturity and VEGF dependency. The safety of combining MNRP1685A with bevacizumab, with or without paclitaxel, was examined.

METHODS:

Patients with advanced solid tumors received escalating doses of MNRP1685A (7.5, 15, 24, and 36 mg/kg) with bevacizumab 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks in Arm A (n = 14). Arm B (n = 10) dosing consisted of MNRP1685A (12 and 16 mg/kg) with bevacizumab 10 mg/kg (every 2 weeks) and paclitaxel 90 mg/m(2) (weekly, 3 of 4 weeks). Objectives were to determine safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and the maximum tolerated dose of MNRP1685A.

RESULTS:

Infusion reactions (88 %) and transient thrombocytopenia (67 %) represent the most frequent study drug-related adverse events (AEs). Drug-related Grade 2 or 3 proteinuria occurred in 13 patients (54 %). Additional study drug-related AEs occurring in >20 % of patients included neutropenia, alopecia, dysphonia, fatigue, and nausea. Neutropenia occurred only in Arm B. Grade ≥3 study drug-related AEs in ≥3 patients included neutropenia (Arm B), proteinuria, and thrombocytopenia. Two confirmed and three unconfirmed partial responses were observed.

CONCLUSIONS:

The safety profiles were consistent with the single-agent profiles of all study drugs. However, a higher than expected rate of clinically significant proteinuria was observed that does not support further testing of MNRP1685A in combination with bevacizumab.

PMID:
24633809
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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