Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Theriogenology. 2014 Jun;81(9):1189-206. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2014.01.028. Epub 2014 Jan 31.

Epithelial cadherin is present in bovine oviduct epithelial cells and gametes, and is involved in fertilization-related events.

Author information

  • 1Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental (IBYME), National Research Council of Argentina (CONICET), University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • 2Centro de Estudios Farmacológicos y Botánicos (CEFyBO), National Research Council of Argentina (CONICET), University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • 3Area of Biochemistry, Institute of Research and Technology in Animal Reproduction, School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • 4Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental (IBYME), National Research Council of Argentina (CONICET), University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: mhvazl@gmail.com.

Abstract

Fertilization is a calcium-dependent process that involves sequential cell-cell adhesion events of spermatozoa with oviduct epithelial cells (OECs) and with cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs). Epithelial cadherin (E-cadherin) participates in calcium-dependent somatic cell adhesion; the adaptor protein β-catenin binds to the E-cadherin cytoplasmic domain and links the adhesion protein to the cytoskeleton. The study was conducted to immunodetect E-cadherin and β-catenin in bovine gametes and oviduct (tissue sections and OEC monolayers), and to assess E-cadherin participation in fertilization-related events. Epithelial cadherin was found in spermatozoa, oocytes, cumulus cells, and OEC. In acrosome-intact noncapacitated spermatozoa, E-cadherin was mainly localized in the apical ridge and acrosomal cap (E1-pattern; 84 ± 9%; mean ± standard deviation of the mean). After sperm treatment with heparin to promote capacitation, the percentage of cells with E1-pattern (56 ± 12%) significantly decreased; concomitantly, the percentage of spermatozoa depicting an E-cadherin staining pattern similar to E1-pattern but showing a signal loss in the acrosomal cap (E2-pattern: 40 ± 11%) increased. After l-α-lysophosphatidylcholine-induced acrosome reaction, E-cadherin signal was mainly localized in the inner acrosomal membrane (E3-pattern: 67 ± 22%). In IVM COC, E-cadherin was immunodetected in the plasma membrane of cumulus cells and oocytes, but was absent in the polar body. The 120 KDa mature protein form was found in protein extracts from spermatozoa, oocytes, cumulus cells, and OEC. β-Catenin distribution followed E-cadherin's in all cells evaluated. Epithelial cadherin participation in cell-cell interaction was evaluated using specific blocking monoclonal antibody DECMA-1. Sperm incubation with DECMA-1 impaired sperm-OEC binding (the number of sperm bound to OEC: DECMA-1 = 6.7 ± 6.1 vs. control = 29.6 ± 20.1; P < 0.001), fertilization with COC (% fertilized COC: DECMA-1 = 68.8 ± 10.4 vs. control = 90.7 ± 3.1; P < 0.05) or denuded oocytes (% fertilized oocytes: DECMA-1 = 57.0 ± 15.2 vs. control = 89.2 ± 9.8; P < 0.05) and binding to the oolemma (the number of sperm bound to oolemma: DECMA-1 = 2.2 ± 1.1 vs. control = 11.1 ± 4.8; P < 0.05). This study describes, for the first time, the presence of E-cadherin in bovine spermatozoa, COC, and OEC, and shows evidence of its participation in sperm interaction with the oviduct and the oocyte during fertilization.

Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.

KEYWORDS:

DECMA-1; Epithelial cadherin; Oocyte; Oviductal epithelial cell; Spermatozoon; β-Catenin

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk