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Bioorg Med Chem. 2014 Apr 1;22(7):2176-87. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2014.02.020. Epub 2014 Feb 27.

Computer-aided identification of novel 3,5-substituted rhodanine derivatives with activity against Staphylococcus aureus DNA gyrase.

Author information

  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of the Sciences, 600 South 43rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States.
  • 2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of the Sciences, 600 South 43rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States.
  • 3Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of the Sciences, 600 South 43rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States. Electronic address: r.zauhar@usciences.edu.

Abstract

Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is among the major drug resistant bacteria that persist in both the community and clinical settings due to resistance to commonly used antimicrobials. This continues to fuel the need for novel compounds that are active against this organism. For this purpose we have targeted the type IIA bacterial topoisomerase, DNA gyrase, an essential enzyme involved in bacterial replication, through the ATP-dependent supercoiling of DNA. The virtual screening tool Shape Signatures was applied to screen a large database for agents with shape similar to Novobiocin, a known gyrase B inhibitor. The binding energetics of the top hits from this initial screen were further validated by molecular docking. Compounds with the highest score on available crystal structure of homologous DNA gyrase from Thermus thermophilus were selected. From this initial set of compounds, several rhodanine-substituted derivatives had the highest antimicrobial activity against S. aureus, as determined by minimal inhibitory concentration assays, with Novobiocin as the positive control. Further activity validation of the rhodanine compounds through biochemical assays confirmed their inhibition of both the supercoiling and the ATPase activity of DNA gyrase. Subsequent docking and molecular dynamics on the crystal structure of DNA gyrase from S. aureus when it became available, provides further rationalization of the observed biochemical activity and understanding of the receptor-ligand interactions. A regression model for MIC prediction against S. aureus is generated based on the current molecules studied as well as other rhodanines derivatives found in the literature.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Antimicrobial; Docking; Interaction frequency; Molecular dynamics; Multiple linear regression model; Rhodanine derivatives; Staphylococcus aureus DNA gyrase

PMID:
24629449
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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