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Bioelectromagnetics. 2014 Jul;35(5):324-36. doi: 10.1002/bem.21835. Epub 2014 Feb 10.

Dosimetric study on eye's exposure to wide band radio frequency electromagnetic fields: variability by the ocular axial length.

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  • 1Department of Computer and Communication Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, China; China Academy of Telecommunication Research of Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Beijing, China.


This paper evaluates the variability of specific absorption rate (SAR) in the human eye. This variability results from changes in ocular axial length (OAL), which is common in many ophthalmologic and vision abnormalities, including myopia. A generic eye model was reconstructed according to published data. The feasibility of using the generic model in numerical research of electromagnetic fields (EMF) was demonstrated by means of comparative simulations with eye models reconstructed from magnetic resonance (MR) scans. Free-form deformation (FFD) was used to deform the OAL of the generic eye model. Thus, 64 deformed eyes were created and were categorized according to the OAL increase. The finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method was applied in the simulations. The results revealed that changing the OAL does not increase EMF absorption in the eyes or the eye tissues. No additional induced temperature rise was produced by the changes of OAL. The results also indicated that the non-pathological increment of the OAL, which is inevitable during the childhood, does not increase the SAR in the eyes.

© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


finite-difference time-domain; myopia; specific absorption rate; temperature elevation

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