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Chem Asian J. 2014 May;9(5):1403-12. doi: 10.1002/asia.201400054. Epub 2014 Mar 11.

Multi-pyrene assemblies supported on stannoxane frameworks: synthesis, structure and photophysical studies.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016 (India), Fax: (+91) 521-259-0007/7436.


Organostannoxanes have been used as scaffolds for the preparation of multi-chromophore assemblies. A single-step synthesis procedure allows the preparation of compounds in which the number of chromophore units can be varied from two to six. Thus, the reactions of pyrene sulfonic acid (PySO3H) or C16H9CHNC6H3(COOH)2(LH2) with various organotin precursors gave pyrene-containing organostannoxanes, that is, [Ph3 SnPySO3]6 (1), [{(Me2Sn)2(μ3-O)(μ-OH)PySO3}2{(Me2Sn)2(μ3-O)(μ-OH)H2O}2⋅2 PySO3] (2), [{tBu2Sn(OH)PySO3}2] (3), [{(nBuSn)12(O)14(OH)6{PySO3}2] (4), and [{(nBu2Sn)L}3]2⋅C6H5CH3 (5). Compounds 1-5 were characterized by using X-ray crystallography. Compounds 1 and 5 are 24-membered macrocycles. Macrocycle 1 possesses intramolecular π-π stacking interactions. An unusual co-crystal of two tetrameric ladders in 2 was observed in which one of the components of the co-crystal is neutral whereas the other is dicationic and two pyrenesulfonate counterions are present to balance the overall charge. In the solid state these compounds reveal rich supramolecular structures. Photophysical studies on 1-5 reveal that interactions in the solid state lead to considerable broadening of the emission bands.

© 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


cage compounds; macrocycles; photophysical properties; pyrene; stannanes; supramolecular chemistry

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