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J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg. 2014 Jan;19(1):10-6. doi: 10.4103/0971-9261.125946.

Correlation of intracystic pressure with cyst volume, length of common channel, biochemical changes in bile and histopathological changes in liver in choledochal cyst.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India.
  • 2Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India.
  • 3Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India.

Abstract

AIMS:

This study was undertaken to establish correlation between intracholedochal cystic pressure (ICCP) with biochemical changes in bile, liver histology, cyst wall histology, length of common channel, and cyst volume.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In this cross-sectional study, ICCP was measured after surgical access before any mobilization by direct cyst cannulation. Bile was then aspirated for biochemical estimation (bilirubin, amylase, lipase, pH, and electrolytes). Common channel length and cyst volume were determined by preoperative magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). Liver histology was assessed under parenchymal, bile duct, and portal parameters. Cyst wall was examined for ulceration, inflammation, fibrosis, and metaplasia.

RESULTS:

ICCP was recorded in 31 patients; mean and median ICCP were 15.64 and 14 mmHg, respectively (range = 6-30 mmHg). Cases with median ICCP < 14 had median cyst volume of 48 cc (range = 36-115) and amylase 2052 IU/L (range = 190-5052) whereas those with ICCP ≥ 15 had volume of 20 cc (range = 10-100) (P = 0.004) and amylase 36 IU/L (range = 0-2806) (P = 0.0004) suggesting inverse correlation. No significant correlation was found with bilirubin and electrolytes. ICCP directly correlated with parenchymal changes like hepatocellular damage (P = 0.002) and cholestasis (P = 0.001). It also correlated with bile duct changes. ICCP inversely correlated with cyst wall changes (P = 0.003, 0.0001, 0.023, 0.0013, respectively). High pressure cysts had normal pancreaticobiliary junction.

CONCLUSION:

High-pressure cysts tend to be smaller but have more severe backpressure changes in liver parenchyma. Low-pressure cysts have high volume and higher levels of amylase and lipase and therefore have more severe cyst wall changes.

KEYWORDS:

Choledochal cyst; cyst wall histology; intra choledochal cystic pressure; liver histology; long common channel

PMID:
24604978
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3935293
Free PMC Article
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