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J Pak Med Assoc. 2013 Sep;63(9):1089-93.

Changing pattern in the risk factors for diabetes in young adults from the rural area of Baluchistan.

Author information

  • 1Research Department, Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology, Baqai Medical University, Karachi.
  • 2Department of Medicine, Baqai Medical University, Karachi.
  • 3Primary Health Unit, Hub, Baluchistan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe changing pattern in the risk factors for diabetes as overweight, obesity, smoking, hypertension and family history of diabetes in young adults in the rural area of Baluchistan.

METHODS:

A community based observational study was carried out in the rural area of Baluchistan by conducting two surveys, in the years 2002 and 2009 respectively. The survey was further subdivided into two groups i.e. young adults (15-25 years) and adults (> or = 25 years). In this study, data of young adults was analyzed. Data obtained in 2002 was also analyzed according to the current guidelines and compared with 2009 survey.

RESULTS:

A total of 230 and 197 young adults participated in 2002 and 2009 surveys respectively. Obesity increased significantly (p < 0.001) from 20 (10.15%) young adults in the year 2002 to 64 (27.82%) in 2009. Similarly 15 (7.61%) young adults were overweight in 2002 which increased to 24 (10.43%) in 2009 (p < 0.317). Smoking increased from 8 (4.06%) to 49 (21.3%) in 2009 (p < 0.001). Family history of diabetes mellitus also showed a significant increase (p < 0.005). Hypertension increased from 13 (6.6%) young adults in 2002 survey to 17 (7.39%) in 2009, the increase was not statistically significant (p < 0.749).

CONCLUSION:

The present study showed that risk factors for diabetes such as overweight, obesity, smoking, hypertension and family history of diabetes increased over time in the young adults of rural Baluchistan.

PMID:
24601182
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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