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Pa Dent J (Harrisb). 2013 Nov-Dec;80(6):25-9.

Osseous dysplasia (cemento-osseous dysplasia) of the jaw bones in western Pennsylvania patients: analysis of 35 cases.

Author information

  • 1Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, Department of Diagnostic Sciences, 3501 Terrace Street, Salk Hall, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. ado18@pitt.edu
  • 2Oral & Maxillofacial Radiology, Department of Diagnostic Sciences, 3501 Terrace Street, Salk Hall, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.
  • 3Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, Department of Diagnostic Sciences, 3501 Terrace Street, Salk Hall, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study is to analyze the demographic, clinical, and radiographic presentations of osseous dysplasia of the jaws in western Pennsylvania patients and its associated complications.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The clinical records and radiographs of patients diagnosed with osseous (cement-osseous) dysplasia were retrieved from the electronic health record of the University of Pittsburgh, School of Dental Medicine from 2007 to 2012. All cases were reviewed; the WHO criteria and classification for osseous dysplasia was used. Clinical and demographic data, radiographic findings, and final diagnoses were collected and analyzed.

RESULTS:

35 cases of osseous dysplasia were retrieved over the six-year period.The majority (33) were females [94.3%], with ages ranging from 26 to 89 years, with a mean age of 53.9 years +/- standard deviation of 15.6 years, 32 [91.4%] were African Americans and 3 [8.6%] were Caucasians. 17 [48.6%] were florid osseous dysplasia, 13 [37.1%] periapical osseous dysplasia and 5 [14.3%] focal osseous dysplasia. Of the 35 patients only 8 [22.9%] patients were symptomatic. All florid osseous dysplasia patients were African American females, with 7 of the patients being symptomatic and the commonest symptom being pain. Also, all periapical osseous dysplasia patients were African Americans (12 females and 1 male), with 1 of the patients presenting with widening of the diastema. Of the focal osseous dysplasia patients, 3 were Caucasians and 2 African American (4 females and 1 male).

CONCLUSION:

The cases occurred mostly in African American females with a peak incidence in the fifth and sixth decades of life; most cases occurred in the mandible. The commonest form of osseous dysplasias was the florid osseous dysplasia which is most likely to present with symptoms.

PMID:
24600770
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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