Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2014 May;73(5):911-7. doi: 10.1007/s00280-014-2421-0. Epub 2014 Mar 5.

Folates provoke cellular efflux and drug resistance of substrates of the multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1).

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Chemistry, Slotervaartziekenhuis Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Cellular folate concentration was earlier reported to be a critical factor in the activity and expression of the multidrug resistance protein MRP1 (ABCC1). Since MRP1 mediates resistance to a variety of therapeutic drugs, we investigated whether the cellular folate concentration influences the MRP1-mediated cellular resistance against drugs. As a model system, we used the human ovarian carcinoma cell line 2008wt, and its stably MRP1/ABCC1-transfected subline 2008/MRP1. These cell types have a moderate and high expression of MRP1, respectively. In folate-deprived 2008/MRP1 cells, the MRP1-mediated efflux of its model substrate calcein decreased to ~55 % of the initial efflux rate under folate-rich conditions. In 2008wt cells, only a small decrease in efflux was observed. Folate depletion for 5-10 days markedly increased (~500 %) cellular steady-state accumulation of calcein in 2008/MRP1 cells and moderately in 2008wt cells. A subsequent short (24 h) exposure to 2.3 μM L-leucovorin decreased calcein levels again in MRP1-overexpressing cells. Folate deprivation markedly increased growth inhibitory effects of the established MRP1 substrates daunorubicin (~twofold), doxorubicin (~fivefold), and methotrexate (~83-fold) in MRP1-overexpressing cells, proportional to MRP1 expression. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that increased cellular folate concentrations induce MRP1/ABCC1-related drug efflux and drug resistance. These results have important implications in the understanding of the role of MRP1 and its homologs in clinical drug resistance.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk