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Res Dev Disabil. 2014 May;35(5):1042-50. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2014.01.034. Epub 2014 Mar 1.

Adaptation of the Chinese edition of the CSBS-DP: a cross-cultural comparison of prelinguistic development between Taiwanese and American toddlers.

Author information

  • 1Department of Special Education, Chung-Yuan Christian University, 200 Chung-Pei Road, 32023 Chung-Li, Taiwan. Electronic address: chusui@cycu.edu.tw.
  • 2Department of Psychology, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115, USA. Electronic address: mln853@yahoo.com.tw.


This study was conducted with 171 toddlers aged 1-2 in Taiwan using the Chinese version of the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scale-Developmental Profile (CSBS-DP). A significant difference in the scores for the symbolic subscale was observed between the test subjects in Taiwan and the norm established in the original CSBS-DP in the United States. Furthermore, this difference varied across the three assessment tools of the CSBS-DP: the Infant-Toddler Checklist, the Caregiver Questionnaire, and the Behavior Sample. In the checklist and caregiver questionnaires, the scores in the language comprehension cluster and the object use cluster were significantly lower for Taiwanese toddlers than for their counterparts in the United States. In the behavior samples, however, the toddlers in Taiwan scored significantly higher than their peers in the United States in the object use cluster and lower than their American counterparts in the language comprehension cluster. This discrepancy suggests that cultural factors have a potential impact on performance, and thus such factors need to be considered in future endeavors to improve upon the Chinese version of the CSBS-DP.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


CSBS-DP; Chinese edition; Cross-cultural; Prelinguistic development

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