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Expert Opin Biol Ther. 2014 Mar 4. [Epub ahead of print]

Adalimumab in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

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  • 1University of Ioannina Medical School, Department of Internal Medicine, Rheumatology Clinic , 45110 Ioannina , Greece.

Abstract

Introduction: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease that causes increased morbidity and mortality. The treatment of the disease has considerably advanced with the addition of biological agents targeting pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF). Adalimumab (ADA) is one of the currently available five TNF inhibitors for clinical use in RA. It is a fully humanized monoclonal antibody which may be prescribed as monotherapy or in combination with methotrexate or other disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Areas covered: This review summarizes the recent available data on efficacy and safety of ADA in patients with early and established RA as well as improvement of quality of life and finally we provide data on biologic drug comparison. Expert opinion: ADA has been evaluated in various randomized placebo-controlled trials in RA, prospective observational studies as well as open-label extensions of the original double-blind trials providing experience and data about the long-term efficacy and safety of the drug. Effectiveness of the drug is sustained, while in most cases RA patients treated with ADA experienced a slower radiographic progression and consequently less disability and improved health-related quality of life outcomes. Clinical trials demonstrated no new safety signals and a safety profile consistent with that of the anti-TNF class.

PMID:
24588123
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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