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J Neurol Sci. 2014 Apr 15;339(1-2):229-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2014.02.009. Epub 2014 Feb 19.

Combined CMV- and HSV-1 brainstem encephalitis restricted to medulla oblongata.

Author information

  • 1Department of Infectious Diseases and Gastroenterology, Auguste-Viktoria-Klinikum, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: juri.katchanov@charite.de.
  • 2Department of Radiology, Auguste-Viktoria-Klinikum, Berlin, Germany.
  • 3Department of Infectious Diseases and Gastroenterology, Auguste-Viktoria-Klinikum, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

We report a very rare case of a combined CMV- and HSV-1 isolated brainstem encephalitis restricted to medulla oblongata in a patient with advanced HIV disease. Neither limbic nor general ventricular involvement was detected on neuroimaging. The case highlights the importance of testing for HSV-1 and CMV in HIV-infected patients presenting with an isolated brainstem syndrome.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

AIDS; Brainstem; CMV; Encephalitis; HIV; HSV-1; Neuroinfection

PMID:
24582285
[PubMed - in process]
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