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Plant Sci. 2014 Apr;219-220:9-18. doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2013.12.016. Epub 2014 Jan 3.

Alleviation of methyl viologen-mediated oxidative stress by Brassica juncea annexin-3 in transgenic Arabidopsis.

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  • 1Department of Plant Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India. Electronic address:
  • 2Department of Plant Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India.
  • 3Department of Plant Biochemistry and Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany.


Plant annexins function as calcium-dependent or -independent phospholipid binding proteins and constitute about 0.1% of total cellular proteins. Some of them were reported to antagonize oxidative stress and protect plant cells. Brassica juncea annexin-3 (AnnBj3) was recently discovered. To gain insight into a possible function of AnnBj3 in oxidative stress response, we investigated the resistance of Arabidopsis thaliana plants expressing AnnBj3 constitutively. Here we report that, AnnBj3 attenuates methyl viologen-mediated oxidative stress in plants. It protected photosynthesis and plasma membrane from methyl viologen-mediated oxidative damage. AnnBj3 detoxifies hydrogen peroxide and showed antioxidative property in vitro. The protein increased total peroxidase activity in transgenics and interfered with other cellular antioxidants, thereby giving an overall cellular protection against methyl viologen-induced cytotoxicity.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


Antioxidative property; Brassica juncea annexin-3; Membrane integrity; Methyl viologen; Photosynthetic performance; Redox buffer

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