Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Chin Med J (Engl). 2014;127(5):815-20.

15-deoxy-Δ¹²,¹⁴-prostaglandin J₂ ameliorates endotoxin-induced acute lung injury in rats.

Author information

  • 1Department of Critical Care Medicine, General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China. Email: liutung@163.com.
  • 2Department of Anesthesiology, General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China.
  • 3Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China.
  • 4Department of Critical Care Medicine, General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A proinflammatory milieu emerging in the lung due to neutrophil accumulation and activation is a key in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI). 15-deoxy-Δ(12, 14)-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), one of the terminal products of the cyclooxygenase-2 pathway, is known to be the endogenous ligand of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) with multiple physiological properties. Growing evidence indicates that 15d-PGJ2 has anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, cytoprotective and pro-resolving effects. We investigated whether 15d-PGJ2 has a protective effect against endotoxin-induced acute lung injury in rats.

METHODS:

Twenty-four male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into four groups (n = 6 per group): sham+vehicle group, sham+15d-PGJ2 group, LPS+vehicle group, and LPS+15d-PGJ2 group. The rats were given either lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 6 mg/kg intravenously) or saline, and pretreated with 15d-PGJ2 (0.3 mg/kg intravenously) or its vehicle (dimethyl sulphoxide) 30 minutes before LPS. Histological alterations, wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity as well as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1 (CINC-1) levels were determined in lung tissues four hours after LPS injection. Immunohistochemical analysis for intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression and Western blotting analysis for nuclear factor (NF)-κB p65 translocation and IκBα protein levels were also studied.

RESULTS:

15d-PGJ2 pretreatment significantly attenuated LPS-induced lung injury, and reduced the increased W/D ratio, MPO activity, TNF-α, CINC-1 levels, and ICAM-1 expression in the lung. 15d-PGJ2 also suppressed the nuclear NF-κB p65 translocation and increased cytosolic IκBα levels.

CONCLUSIONS:

15d-PGJ2 protects against endotoxin-induced acute lung injury, most likely through the reduction of proinflammatory protein levels during endotoxemia subsequent to the inhibition of NF-κB activation.

PMID:
24571868
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Medknow Publications and Media Pvt Ltd
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk