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Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother. 2014 Mar;42(2):95-107; quiz 107-8. doi: 10.1024/1422-4917/a000276.

[Female conduct disorders].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, RWTH Aachen.


in English, German

The last few years have seen much research on girls with conduct disorder (CD). This article summarizes the gender-specific data regarding prevalence, differences with respect to symptomatology (e.g., subtypes of aggression, callous-unemotional (cu)-traits), and it presents data on the autonomic and neuroendocrine stress system as well as genetic, neurocognitive, and neuroimaging data. Differences in the impact of environmental factors on boys and girls for the development of CD are discussed. Taken together, the data indicate that there is great overlap in symptomatology, personality traits, and neurobiological aberrations in girls and boys with CD. Since fewer girls than boys exhibit CD symptomatology, further investigations on CD in girls might help to identify resilience factors that could improve future therapeutic interventions.


Aggression; Conduct disorder; Mädchen; Neurobiologie; aggression; conduct disorder; cu-traits; girls; neurobiology

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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