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Proteome Sci. 2013 Nov 7;11(Suppl 1):S15. doi: 10.1186/1477-5956-11-S1-S15. Epub 2013 Nov 7.

An effective and effecient peptide binding prediction approach for a broad set of HLA-DR molecules based on ordered weighted averaging of binding pocket profiles.



The immune system must detect a wide variety of microbial pathogens, such as viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasitic worms, to protect the host against disease. Antigenic peptides displayed by MHC II (class II Major Histocompatibility Complex) molecules is a pivotal process to activate CD4+ TH cells (Helper T cells). The activated TH cells can differentiate into effector cells which assist various cells in activating against pathogen invasion. Each MHC locus encodes a great number of allele variants. Yet this limited number of MHC molecules are required to display enormous number of antigenic peptides. Since the peptide binding measurements of MHC molecules by biochemical experiments are expensive, only a few of the MHC molecules have suffecient measured peptides. To perform accurate binding prediction for those MHC alleles without suffecient measured peptides, a number of computational algorithms were proposed in the last decades.


Here, we propose a new MHC II binding prediction approach, OWA-PSSM, which is a significantly extended version of a well known method called TEPITOPE. The TEPITOPE method is able to perform prediction for only 50 MHC alleles, while OWA-PSSM is able to perform prediction for much more, up to 879 HLA-DR molecules. We evaluate the method on five benchmark datasets. The method is demonstrated to be the best one in identifying binding cores compared with several other popular state-of-the-art approaches. Meanwhile, the method performs comparably to the TEPITOPE and NetMHCIIpan2.0 approaches in identifying HLA-DR epitopes and ligands, and it performs significantly better than TEPITOPEpan in the identification of HLA-DR ligands and MultiRTA in identifying HLA-DR T cell epitopes.


The proposed approach OWA-PSSM is fast and robust in identifying ligands, epitopes and binding cores for up to 879 MHC II molecules.

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